How to Install Your Car Speakers Properly
Finding the best car speakers might be a bit tough. You have to find the ones that would best suit your vehicle. But, once you bought the perfect speakers for your car, the next thing you need to prepare for is the installation.
Some prefer to have their car speakers installed by an expert mechanic or at an auto shop because it is more practical. You don’t need to worry about the car sound system installation. However, you might spend more bucks for it.
I somehow agreed to have the car speakers installed, but, honestly, I don’t have enough budget. That is why I still opt to install the car speakers by myself. Not easy, though! It requires a lot of effort and time.
Before you proceed with the installation, there are factors you have to take note of, especially with regards to the component speakers. The installation is, sometimes, more complicated than the other types of speakers. However, manufacturers provide the accurate and detailed guidelines regarding the installation. Hence, you have to be rigorous, keen, and patient in this process.
If you’ve pondered and decided to replace and install the car speakers yourself, I would be happy to assist you with these easy steps.
Prepare the Tools You Need
Before you proceed with the installation, start off with the tools you need. You should prepare every single tool and keep them handy all the time. But, if you really don’t have any idea what you should use, fret not. The product’s manual usually provides what tools you would need for the installation.
Here are some of the tools that you might also prepare.
- Hobby knife
- Bits and torx drivers
- Screwdrivers such as magnetic or offset screwdrivers, flat-blade, Phillips and stubby Phillips
- Allen wrenches
- Socket wrench set
- Solder and soldering iron
- Panel removal tool or “panel popper” tool
- Retaining clip remover
- Wire cutter or stripper tool
- Crimping tool
- Electrical tape
Note that these are some of the most common and useful tools you might need for the installation. However, you still have to take note of what tools the manual specifies.
Conduct an Initial Check-up
As you have prepared all the tools you need, you cannot just disable the vehicle’s parts and place the speakers right where you think they should be. An initial check-up is a must. Check these reminders.
1./ Check The Stereo System
Every stereo system has its own limited capacity. Some only require a precise amount of wattage and number of channels, like two and four. That is why you cannot just place your car speakers that have 100 watts, or perhaps, if you plan on adding more speakers. If you force your stereo system with too many speakers, you might end up with a terrible audio quality. The worst might be a severe damage on your stereo system.
2./ Check the Size of The Speakers
Speakers come in different sizes and shapes and the speakers you are replacing might be different from the ones you have bought. It is indeed important to check the dimensions of your old ones to make sure you’re replacing them with the right size.
You can also try to fit the speakers on where you plant to place them. It is also a must to check the mounting bracket and depth, the drilling, the grilles, the height, etc. Examining these will prevent any further difficulties in the installation.
3./ Check The Electronic Characteristics
This is probably one of the most vital parts of the speakers you should never miss. The electronic parts will tell you how your installation will be. Observe carefully. You can check if they have inline resistors or customized wires.
The inline resistors are capable of preventing static, distortion and crosstalk. There are also wires that allow series circuit configuration for adding woofers and tweeters. However, others can be wired terminally for accurate impedance.
4./ Check The Power Requirements
You should know how many watts your speakers require. Usually, those who have the highest watts require larger wirings. This could be an issue for some users as the factory wiring might not be enough to support high-wattage car speakers.
If you don’t mind exerting more time and effort for changing the wirings, you may proceed with high-wattage car speakers. If now, you probably should opt for those with lower watts.
5./ Disconnect The Vehicle’s Battery
You need to apply some safety measures. Hence, it is best to disable the battery before you proceed with the installation. Doing this so, can protect yours from a possible risk such as electrical shock or other accidents. It can also prevent any damages to the car’s electronic system.
6./ Read The Manual
All the car speakers are provided with the detailed instructions on how they should be installed. So, even if you have already experienced installing car speakers a lot of times before, you should not disregard these instructions. Every product has its own set of specific guidelines. Hence, you can’t expect that the other manual would be applicable for the other one.
Install Your New Speakers
Once you are done with the preparation and initial check-up, here comes the most exciting and challenging part – the installation! It won’t be as tough as what you think it would be as long as you follow all the instructions provided.
Here are proper and easy ways to install your new car speakers.
1./ Remove The Panels or The Speaker Grilles
Use a panel removal tool or a flat head screwdriver to carefully take the panels or grilles off the door.
2./ Take The Factory Speaker Off
You may notice some wiring harness as you remove your old speaker. This is, however, not always applicable to all types of speakers. But, if ever there will be, be extra careful while you take the speaker off. You don’t want to rip or damage the wiring. You will need another tool to unscrew some small bolts or chip.
3./ Place and Connect Your New Speaker
Now that you have successfully removed the old speaker, you may now proceed with the new one. Place it where the old one is removed and once you do, you can now connect your new speaker’s wiring to the car’s wiring harness.
What if a simple wiring system is not available in your vehicle? You can still plug your speaker but you may need a crimping tool or a soldering iron to connect the wires.
Though some may use an electrical tape to secure the wiring, it is not advisable to do so. If the temperature changes, it may affect the quality of the tape thus damage the wiring. If this happens, you might also encounter problems with the electrical system.
4./ Test The Speaker
Once you have connected the speaker, you can try its quality. Remember, you should test it first before you secure and locked it in. This allows you to determine whether the speaker works properly or not. You’ll know if there are any adjustments or repairs on the wiring you need to fix.
5./ Secure and Lock The Speaker
If you have tested the speaker and it sounded fine without any problems, you can now secure and lock it with the screws. Some speakers, however, require more than just screws. You might need to drill new holes and provide adhesives and mounting bracket.
6./ Install The Subwoofers and Tweeters
Most users prefer adding subwoofers for low frequencies and tweeters for the high-pitched sounds. Luckily, some car speakers are included with subwoofers and/or tweeters. If yours do have, the installation may not be much of a big problem. You can just connect them to the wiring harness your vehicle has.
On the other, if your car speakers do not include any subwoofers or tweeters, the installation may get more difficult thus complicated. You can still do something about it anyway. You can buy and install an amplifier kit to adjust the wiring of the subwoofers.
The other option is to ground the woofer manually by connecting it to the vehicle’s stereo and battery. The same process can also be done with the tweeters unless they are included to your car speakers, this won’t be necessary.
7./ Put The Panels and Grilles Back to Their Place
After the installation, you can place the panels and grills back to where you had removed them. Secure it with the screws and make sure to tighten them.
For more details, you can also refer to the video below:
NOTE: The instructions listed above may not be applicable for all types of vehicles. The installation may still vary according to the type of vehicle and the speakers. Hence, it is always best to check the manual before you proceed with the installation.
Choosing the best speakers for your vehicle may be less hassle, but the car speaker installation would be quite challenging. It won’t always be easy, especially if you are going to do it for the first time. However, detailed instructions regarding the whole process of installation and the tools you need are often provided. You just have to read them carefully, take more research, jot down some notes and apply them.
Hope this article helps you. Enjoy your new speakers!